Sometimes what’s wrong is a person is accused of committing a crime.We’ll call this kind of case a criminal case.
Other times what’s wrong is people have a disagreement about something. They’ll want you, as the judge, to figure out who’s right. When people with disagreements show up in your courtroom, you’ll call that a civil case.
I know what you’re thinking: “Criminal, civil… I’m a judge! Let’s get the trial started!” But don’t reach for your robe just yet.